Americans with Disabilities Act
The ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) is a law that was approved by the U.S. Congress in 1990. The NCD (National Council on Disability) recommended enactment of the ADA law. The first version was introduced to the House and Senate in 1998. Tom Harkin, a senator, authored the final bill. A part of it was introduced in the sign language, so deaf brother of Senator Tom Harkin can understand. The act was approved by the president of the United States, George H. W. Bush.
The Americans with Disabilities Act protects Americans with disabilities. This means that it forbids discrimination. According to many people, the ADA is a similar act to the Civil Rights Act from 1964, which make gender, religion and race discrimination illegal. However, the ADA also affects on employers. They must provide accommodations and work conditions for people with disabilities.
The ADA includes mental and physical disabilities. A condition doesn’t have to be permanent or severe to be treated as a disability. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provides the list of all disabilities. Just some of them are: autism, cancer, blindness, deafness, diabetes, epilepsy, HIV, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia and, obsessive compulsive disorder. Many more mental or physical conditions may be treated as disabilities. The main point is to protect people who cannot work and have the same lifestyle as people without any of these conditions.
Americans with Disabilities Act, should provide the same possibilities for people with disabilities in:
1. Employment (people with disabilities should have the same right when they look for a job)
2. Public accommodation
4. Local government and state service